literature 主要讲了 18-19 世纪英国浪漫主义(Romanticism)诗歌的代表人Wardsworth 的诗。他是浪漫主义的鼻祖，但浪漫主义这个称谓是后人加上的，不是他们本身这样称呼自己的(此处出题)。Romanticism 不是我们平时理解的 romance，和男女之间的爱情无关。Romanticism 针对的是commonpeople 而不是少数educated people，用的是simple language，描述的是日常生活中常见的事物，孩子，人类情感，以及自然和人类之间的互动。教授以自己为例，说自己在散步时感受到了这种互动(此处出题)与romanticism 针锋相对的一种风格是neoclassicism 新古典主义，也是那位 romanticism 的鼻祖很反对的。neoclassicism 使用太多的 elaboration，如sky 不叫sky，而叫blue 什么的;bird 不叫bird，而叫feathered person。教授把该诗人的作品分为三个阶段。早期的浪漫主义作品，主要描述植物的(花与草)诗歌。
wordsworth, as we have said, is the chiefrepresentative 典型的 of some of the most important principles 原则 in the romantic movement, but he is far more a memberof any movement, through his supreme poetic expression of some of the greatestspiritual ideals he belongs among the five or six greatest English poets.
first, he isthe profoundest interpreter of nature in all poetry. his feeling for nature hastwo aspects. he is keenly sensitive, and in a more delicately discriminatingway than any of his predecessors, to all the external beauty and glory ofnature, especially inanimate nature of mountains, woods and fields, streams andflowers, in all their infinitely varied aspects. a wonderful joyous andintimate sympathy with them is one of his controlling impulses.
In the second place, wordswoth is the most consistentof all the great English poets of democracy, though here as elsewhere hisinterest is mainly not in the external but in the spiritual aspect of things. the obstinacy andthese poems are only the most conspicuous result of w's chief temperamentaldefect, which was an almost total lack of the sense of humor. regarding himselfs the prophet of a supremely important new gospel, he never admitted
The possibility of error in his own point of view and was never able to stand asidefrom his poetry and criticize it dispassionately.